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Everything You Need to Know About Dalmatians

Everything You Need to Know About Dalmatians

The dignified Dalmatian is probably one of the most recognized dog breeds. Their eye-catching spots and graceful demeanor are hard to miss. These medium-sized dogs have endless energy and an interesting history. Here’s everything you need to know about Dalmatians! 

Brief Overview 

There are many interesting facts about Dalmatians. Here is a brief overview about these spotted dogs: 

  • Life span: 11 to 13 years 
  • Weight: 45 to 70 pounds 
  • Height: 19 to 24 inches tall at the shoulder 
  • Dalmatians are high-energy and active dogs, which means they need regular exercise. If they don’t receive enough exercise, they will likely become bored, which can lead to destructive behaviors. 
  • Because of their high energy levels and headstrong personalities, Dalmatians need training to help eliminate behavioral issues and teach them good manners. 
  • Although this dog breed is very loyal to their families and loves spending time with them, the Dalmatian’s energy may be too much for small children. An overly excited dog may unintentionally knock over small children. 
  • Although these spotted dogs don’t have long coats that require cutting, they do shed. Frequent brushing and occasional baths will help pull away the dead hairs and reduce shedding. 

Their Rise in Popularity 

Dalmatians became very popular because of their movie exposure on 101 Dalmatians. Unfortunately, there were a couple downsides to this rise in popularity. 

After seeing the movie, many people went out and bought a Dalmatian without doing any research on the breed. This resulted in many Dalmatians in shelters because their owners didn’t realize the responsibility of having an energetic dog that required a lot of attention and training. 

Another downside was that the boom in popularity caused overbreeding of poor specimens. Irresponsible breeders, who were often looking to make quick money, would breed Dalmatians and not pay attention to their health or temperament. 


The origins of Dalmatians are unknown and somewhat mysterious. Some people believe that Dalmatians traveled with Romani people, who are historically nomadic. According to the American Kennel Club (AKC), by the early 1800s the breed was closely associated with a place called Dalmatia, which is a region in Croatia. 

Dalmatians were bred to run as a coach dog. They would run alongside carriages, protecting the horses from stray dogs and keeping the horses calm. They also acted as guard dogs, providing security at stops and alerting the driver of any approaching dangers. 

Because of their versatility, Dalmatians have served many different purposes throughout the years. During times of war, they served as sentinels at the Dalmatia and Croatia borders. They’ve also been circus performers, served as coaching dogs for horse-drawn fire engines, and been used for herding, hunting, coaching, and ratting. 


Dalmatians are intelligent, loyal, and loving family dogs. They like to spend time with their families and have a strong desire to please their owners. However, they can be timid or reserved around strangers. Because they spent many years as coach dogs, many Dalmatians still have protective and watchdog instincts. 

These dogs are strong and full of energy and stamina, which can make them great partners for active people who like to hike, run, or exercise. It’s also important to note that Dalmatians can be sensitive dogs, which is a key aspect to remember during training. Harsh training or mistreatment is not easily forgotten by a Dalmatian. 


Dalmatian puppies are born without any spots. They are born all white and start to develop spots around 2 to 3 weeks old. By the time Dalmatian puppies are 4 weeks old, most of their spots will be present, but they will continue to slowly develop spots throughout the rest of their lives. 

No two Dalmatians have the same pattern or number of spots. This breed is well-known for its piebald pattern (spotted color on white). Dalmatians commonly have black or liver-colored spots on a white coat. They have spots over their entire body, even in their mouth.

Dalmatians are strong, muscular, and graceful dogs. They have a sleek body, a short and dense coat, and a fairly long tail with a slight upward curve. 

General Care 

Caring for a Dalmatian is a commitment, similar to many other pets. They need to be exercised regularly, as well as brushed frequently. Training and socialization are also important aspects of owning a Dalmatian. Here are some general care tips for owning a Dalmatian! 

  • Although Dalmatians have a short coat, they do tend to shed heavily. Frequent brushing and occasional baths can help remove dead hairs and keep shedding under control. 
  • Like most dogs, Dalmatians need their nails trimmed regularly, usually every 3 to 4 weeks. 
  • The AKC points out that because a Dalmatian’s ears flop down, they should be checked and cleaned regularly
  • Because Dalmatians can have high energy levels, they need regular exercise to help release this energy. If dogs don’t have a proper outlet for energy, they can become bored and develop destructive habits. Exercise also provides mental stimulation for dogs by introducing a variety of smells, sights, and sounds. 
  • Dalmatians crave human companionship, and they often want to spend their time with their families. Because of this, they shouldn’t be left alone for too long. 
  • Early socialization is very important with Dalmatians. Exposing dogs to a variety of people, sights, sounds, and situations as part of their training can help ensure that they grow into well-adjusted companions. 
  • Dalmatians tend to be headstrong and intelligent, which means that consistent training is a must. It’s important to note that Dalmatians can be sensitive, so positive reinforcement and reward-based training are best. 


Although Dalmatians are a generally healthy breed, they are prone to certain health conditions. A few common health conditions in Dalmatians include deafness, urinary stones, and skin allergies. 

  • Deafness: Dalmatians have a genetic predisposition to deafness. Unfortunately, about 30% of Dalmatians are deaf or have a hearing impairment. Reputable breeders will have both parents tested as well as have the puppies tested before they find a new home. 
  • Urinary Stones: Dalmatians are susceptible to developing urinary tract stones. One common type of bladder or kidney stone in dogs is known as calcium oxalate. Large stones can cause an obstruction within the bladder, while smaller stones may cause an obstruction within the urethra.

    According to current research, preventive dieting is the most useful method of reducing the recurrence rate of stone formation in dogs. Supplements that either break down oxalates or help reduce oxalate formation can also help reduce stone formation. 
  • Skin Allergies: According to DogTime, many Dalmatians suffer from skin allergies. There are various types of allergies in dogs, including skin allergies, food allergies, and environmental allergies. Common skin allergies in pets include fleas, dust mites, and soaps.

It’s important to remember that it’s difficult to predict when or if pets will become sick or develop a health condition that requires veterinary care. Pet insurance can help by offsetting the cost of vet bills if your Dalmatian would become sick or injured. 

If you are interested in adding a Dalmatian to your family, consider adopting one from a shelter or rescue! Because these dogs are often purchased before owners do any research, there are often many Dalmatians that need to be adopted. 

The materials and information provided on this website are not intended to replace the medical advice or services of your veterinarian or other pet healthcare professional. Consult your own veterinarian if you have medical questions concerning diagnosis, treatment, therapy, or medical attention.

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